This Week In Space History

      Wednesday October 20th:
            1970 Zond-8 Launch. Circumnavigation of Moon and return. No Moon orbit.
            1995 Launch of STS-73 - Bowersox, Rominger, K. Thornton, Lopez-Alegria, Coleman, Sacco, Leslie. USML-2.
            2018 Launch of BepiColombo to Mercury.
            2020 OSIRIS-REx retrieves sample from minor planet Bennu.

      Thursday October 21st:
            1968 Apollo-7 Splashdown First live TV from a piloted spacecraft.
            1985 China-17 Launch. Recon mission.
            2001 Soyuz TM-33 Launch. Afanaseev, Kozeev, Haigmere (Fr.) to ISS.
            2007 Return of ISS Expediton 15 crew after 197 days, aboard Soyuz TMA-10
Yurchikin and Kotov with Al Masrie (Mayaysia). Soyuz explosive bolt failed to fire; ballistic entry.

      Friday October 22nd:
            1966 Luna-12 Launch. Third Lunar orbiting satellite.
            1975 Venera-9 Arrives Venus orbit. Lander decends. First images of the surface.
            1992 Launch of STS-52 - Weatherbee, M. Baker, Shepherd, Veach, Jernigan, Maclean (Canadian).
Lageos deploy, SVS tests.
            2008 Launch of India's first lunar probe, Chandrayaan-1.
            2020 Return of Ivanishin, Vagner, and Cassidy after 196 days, aboard Soyuz MS-16.

      Saturday October 23rd:
            1968 Soyuz-2 Launch. Unpiloted target for Soyuz 3.
            1975 Venera-10 Arrives Venus orbit. Lander decends to surface and radios images.
            2007 Launch of STS-120, Discovery to ISS with Harmony Node-2.
Melroy, Zamka, Parazynski, Wilson, Wheelock, Nespoli (ESA) and Tani (joining Expedition 16).
Unscheduled EVA to repair tears and jam in SAW-4B solar array.
            2012 Launch of Soyuz TMA-06M. Novitskiy, Tarekin, and Ford to join ISS Expedition 33/34.

      Sunday October 24th:
            2004 Return of ISS Expedition 9 crew after 187 days, aboard Soyuz TMA-4
Padalka and Fincke, with Shargin (RSA).
            2007 Launch of Chang'e-1 Chinese lunar orbiter.
            2008 Return of ISS Expedition 17 crew after 200 days aboard Soyuz TMA-12
Volkov and Kononenko with R. Garriott (tourist).

      Monday October 25th:

      Tuesday October 26th:
            1968 Launch of Soyuz 3, recovered the Soyuz program 18 months after Komarov's death.
Georgi Bergovoi rendezvoused to within 650' of target Soyuz 2. (127 x 140 nm, 51.4 degrees, 64 orbits).
            1973 Explorer-50 Launch. 10th in series of IMPs.
            1985 China-17 Re-entry vehicle recovered.
            2006 Launch of NASA STEREO solar observation satellites.

Space history data compiled by Jay Apt.   Thanks to the following good sources:
TRW Space Log, NASA Glenn Research Center Space Calendar,
Rick von Glahn's CompuServe SpaceForum archive,
Jonathan's Space Report, and

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