This Week In Space History

      Wednesday September 20th:
            1945 Von Braun arrives in the US under "Operation Paperclip".
            1956 Jupiter C first launch. Test for nose-cone materials.
            1957 Thor first launch.
            1966 Surveyor-2 Launch. Crashed on Moon. Decent engine malfunction.
            1992 STS-47 makes a perfect landing at KSC, with Hoot Gibson flying.

      Thursday September 21st:
            1974 Mariner-10 2nd flyby of Mercury (29,827 miles).
            2003 Galileo orbiter enters Jupiter atmosphere (planned destruction to avoid contaminating Jovian moons).
            2006 Landing of Atlantis, after mission STS-115, on KSC runway 33.

      Friday September 22nd:
            1993 Frank Culbertson flies Discovery to the first night landing at Kennedy Space Center,
ending STS-51's 10-day flight.
            2014 Maven space probe enters Mars orbit to study atmospheric evolution.

      Saturday September 23rd:
            1846 Neptune discovered.
            1976 Soyuz-22 Lands.
            1999 Mars Climate Orbiter lost due to poor navigation and subsequent unplanned entry into atmosphere.

      Sunday September 24th:
            1970 Luna-16 Lands on Earth with Lunar sample cargo.

      Monday September 25th:
            1973 SkyLab-3 2nd Crew Returns after 59 day mission.
            1992 Launch of Mars Observer.
            1997 Launch of STS-86 - Weatherbee, Bloomfield, Parazynski, Titov, Chretien, Lawrence,
Wolf (to Mir), Foale (return).
            2008 Shenzhou 7 launch. Zhai Zhigang, Liu Boming and Jing Haipeng.
            2010 Return of Skvortsov, Kornienko, and Dyson aboard Soyuz TMA-18 after 178 days.
            2013 Launch of Soyuz TMA-10M. Kotov, Ryanzanskiy, and Hopkins to join ISS Expedition 37/38.
            2014 Launch of Soyuz TMA-14M. Samokutyaev, Serova, and Wilmore to join ISS Expedition 41/42.

      Tuesday September 26th:
            1980 Soyuz-38 Lands.
            1996 Landing of STS-79 at Kennedy Space Center (runway 15).
Shannon Lucid sets 188-day US record.

Space history data compiled by Jay Apt.   Thanks to the following good sources:
TRW Space Log, NASA Glenn Research Center Space Calendar,
Rick von Glahn's CompuServe SpaceForum archive,
Jonathan's Space Report, and

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Space History