This Week In Space History


      Thursday July 19th:
            1967 Explorer-35 Launch. 6th in series of IMPs. Lunar orbit.
            1969 Apollo-11 Columbia/Eagle arrive in Lunar orbit.
            1974 Soyuz-14 Lands. 16 days in Salyut-3 Space Station.
            1975 Apollo-Soyuz Spacecraft separate

      Friday July 20th:
            1960 Polaris first submerged firing.
            1969 Apollo-11 LM Eagle lands; Armstrong-Aldrin on Moon 16:17:42 EDT.
            1969 Apollo-11 Armstrong's first step on Moon (22:56 EDT). EVA 2 hours 13 minutes.
            1976 Viking-1 Lander touchdown. Now on Mars surface.

      Saturday July 21st:
            1961 Launch of Mercury 4 - Grissom (118.3 nm, 15 min 37 sec) "Liberty Bell 7"
            1966 Gemini-10 Splashdown.
            1973 USSR Mars-4 Launched to Mars orbit.
            1975 Soyuz-19 Lands at Kazakh, USSR.
            2011 Landing of Atlantis, after STS-135, the last Space Shuttle mission, on KSC runway 15.
125,935,769 miles traveled, 4,848 orbits of the planet and 307 days aloft on 33 missions.
Space Shuttle program:
818 seats to orbit for 347 people from 18 countries.
77 large and 44 small satellites deployed in orbit, total mass 231 tonnes.
24 major Space Station components launched, total mass 232 tonnes.
46 dockings with Mir and ISS
31 satellite rendezvous/retrieval/captures
162 spacewalks.

      Sunday July 22nd:
            1962 Mariner-1 Launch. Veered off course. Destroyed.
            1969 Apollo-11 Columbia powers out of lunar orbit. Return to Earth.
            1972 Venera-8 Probe lands and returns data.
            1987 Soyuz TM-3 Launch. Viktorenko, Alexandrov (Bulgarian), Faris. To MIR.
            1993 Soyuz TM-16 lands. Manakov (179d), Poleshchuk (179d), Haignere (20d).
            2015 Launch of Soyuz TMA-17M with Kononeko, Yui, and Lindgren to join ISS Expedition 44/45.

      Monday July 23rd:
            1972 Landsat-1 Launch. (aka ERTS 1)
            1980 Soyuz-37/36 Launch. Gorbatko, Tuan (Viet.). Dock with Salyut-6.
            1999 Launch of STS-93 - Collins, Ashby, Coleman, Hawley, Tognini.
Deployed Chandra X-Ray observatory.

      Tuesday July 24th:
            1969 Apollo-11 Splashdown. Humans' first return from outside Easth's gravity well.
            1975 US Apollo-Soyuz Splashdown. Hydrazine fumes contamitation in cockpit.

      Wednesday July 25th:
            1973 USSR Mars-5 Launched to Mars orbit.




Space history data compiled by Jay Apt.   Thanks to the following good sources:
TRW Space Log, NASA Glenn Research Center Space Calendar,
Rick von Glahn's CompuServe SpaceForum archive,
Jonathan's Space Report, and astronautix.com


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