This Week In Space History

      Friday August 17th:
            1877 Phobos, Martian moon, discovered.
            1966 Pioneer-7 Launch. Solar orbit. Monitor Solar activity.
            1970 Venera-7 Launched to Venus.
            1996 Soyuz TM-24 Launch. Korzun, Kaleri, Andre-Deshays (France)
            2010 Wheelock and Caldwell-Dyson EVA sucessfully replaces failed ammonia cooling pump on ISS.

      Saturday August 18th:
            1868 Helium discovered (on the sun).
            1960 Discoverer-14 Launch. Capsule recovered mid-air by plane.
            1985 Suisei Launched to Halley's comet. Japan.

      Sunday August 19th:
            1959 Discoverer-6 Launch. Capsule lost.
            1960 Sputnik-5 Launch. 2nd Vostok test.Belka and Strelka(dogs) recovered.
            1979 Soyuz-32/34 Lands. 175 days at Salyut-6.
            1982 Soyuz-T-7/T-5 Launch. Popov,Serebrov,Savitskaya. Docked with Salyut 7.
            1983 China-13 Launch. Possible operational recon sat.

      Monday August 20th:
            1953 Redstone first test launch.
            1975 Viking-1 Launched to Mars for landing.
            1977 Voyager-2 Launched for Tour of the Outer Planets.

      Tuesday August 21st:
            1965 Launch of Gemini 5 - Cooper, Conrad (100 x 215 nm, 32.6 deg, 128 orbits)
            1972 OAO-3 Launch. Orbiting Astronomical Observatory. Copernicus.
            1993 Contact lost with Mars Observer spacecraft 3 days prior to Mars orbit
insertion burn. Probable propellant explosion at pressurization.
            2007 Landing of Endeavour, after mission STS-118, on KSC runway 15.

      Wednesday August 22nd:
            2001 Return of ISS Expedition 2 crew after 167 days, aboard STS-105.
Usachev, J.Voss, and Helms.
            2003 Brazilian VLS-1 (s/n 3) explodes on the pad, killing 21
Probably solid rocket booster inadvertent ignition.
            2014 Failed launch of the first two full operational capability Galileo navigation satellites.
Fregatt stage problem left them in an unusable orbit,
due to a design error that failed to require thermal separation of cryo line from a hydrazine line.

      Thursday August 23rd:
            1961 Ranger-1 test Launch. Agena fails to restart.

Space history data compiled by Jay Apt.   Thanks to the following good sources:
TRW Space Log, NASA Glenn Research Center Space Calendar,
Rick von Glahn's CompuServe SpaceForum archive,
Jonathan's Space Report, and

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Space History