This Week In Space History

      Saturday September 19th:
            1981 China-9 Launch. Balloon. Physics experiments.
            1981 China-10 Launch. Physics experiments.
            1981 China-11 Launch. Physics experiments.
            1988 Israel launches its first satellite (to the west!).
            1996 Bill Readdy docks Atlantis to Mir. 4th docking.

      Sunday September 20th:
            1945 Von Braun arrives in the US under "Operation Paperclip".
            1956 Jupiter C first launch. Test for nose-cone materials.
            1957 Thor first launch.
            1966 Surveyor-2 Launch. Crashed on Moon. Decent engine malfunction.
            1992 STS-47 makes a perfect landing at KSC, with Hoot Gibson flying.
            2018 Japan's Hayabusa-2 deploys 2 rovers on the surface of asteroid Ryugu.

      Monday September 21st:
            1974 Mariner-10 2nd flyby of Mercury (29,827 miles).
            2003 Galileo orbiter enters Jupiter atmosphere (planned destruction to avoid contaminating Jovian moons).
            2006 Landing of Atlantis, after mission STS-115, on KSC runway 33.

      Tuesday September 22nd:
            1993 Frank Culbertson flies Discovery to the first night landing at Kennedy Space Center,
ending STS-51's 10-day flight.
            2014 Maven space probe enters Mars orbit to study atmospheric evolution.

      Wednesday September 23rd:
            1846 Neptune discovered by Galle, working from Le Verrier's calculations.
            1976 Soyuz-22 Lands.
            1999 Mars Climate Orbiter lost due to poor navigation and subsequent unplanned entry into atmosphere.

      Thursday September 24th:
            1970 Luna-16 Lands on Earth with Lunar sample cargo.

      Friday September 25th:
            1973 SkyLab-3 2nd Crew Returns after 59 day mission.
            1992 Launch of Mars Observer.
            1997 Launch of STS-86 - Weatherbee, Bloomfield, Parazynski, Titov, Chretien, Lawrence,
Wolf (to Mir), Foale (return).
            2008 Shenzhou 7 launch. Zhai Zhigang, Liu Boming and Jing Haipeng.
            2010 Return of Skvortsov, Kornienko, and Dyson aboard Soyuz TMA-18 after 178 days.
            2013 Launch of Soyuz TMA-10M. Kotov, Ryanzanskiy, and Hopkins to join ISS Expedition 37/38.
            2014 Launch of Soyuz TMA-14M. Samokutyaev, Serova, and Wilmore to join ISS Expedition 41/42.
            2018 Arianspace's 100th Ariane 5 launch.
            2019 Launch of Skripochka, Meir, and Hazza al Mansouri (United Arab Emirates) aboard Soyuz MS-15 to join ISS Expedition 61/62.

Space history data compiled by Jay Apt.   Thanks to the following good sources:
TRW Space Log, NASA Glenn Research Center Space Calendar,
Rick von Glahn's CompuServe SpaceForum archive,
Jonathan's Space Report, and

Based on the today.cgi Perl script © 1998 The Puppet Master. subroutine © 1997 Craig Patchett & Matt Wright.

Space History